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Object Name Scrapbook
Catalog Number 1998.080.369
Collection Hamilton County Department of Education Collection
Description Maroon and gold scrapbook. Contains newspaper articles about Chattanooga Public Schools. Dates of articles are July through December 1955. Stickers on pages list the dates of the articles. Scrapbook held together by cord. Articles glued onto pages.

Most of the articles focus on the integration issue.
July 23, 1955: There are three articles from this date regarding the Chattanooga Board of Education's decision to integrate Chattanooga public schools. The first is titled "Bowing to Decree" and announced the school board's decision to integrate the public schools in compliance with the Supreme Court's decree (Brown v Board of Education). The decision was unanimous, the board saying that "it us our duty to uphold the law whether it is our wish or not." The second article is titled "Board's Statement on Integration", and prints the full statement of the Board of Education announcing its policy on integration. The statement declared that city schools would not be integrated in 1955, but that the Supreme Court's decree to end segregation would be complied with at a later date. The third article is an editorial which denounces the board's decision and the ruling of the Supreme Court regarding integration. The author calls the court's decision unconstitutional and accuses it of usurping the powers of the legislative branch. The author also writes that separate but equal should continue and gives the example of the recently completed Howard School for Negroes as proof that black schools aren't inferior to white ones.
July 24, 1955: There are five articles from this date. The first, "No Way to Turn Back Integration, School Board Tells People on Air", details an appearance members of the Chattanooga School Board made on WDEF-TV clarifying and explaining their statement announcing their intention to integrate Chattanooga's public schools. The board said that they "do not propose to evade or delay" in complying with the court's decision, that they would assess problems associated with integration and not take hasty action, and that citizens had a duty to comply with the court's decision even if they disagreed with it. The second article, "City Board Respects Law", is a recap of the decision of the school board to comply with the Supreme Court's ruling and integrate public schools. The third article, "City NAACP President Hails Board Decision", explains that Mrs. Carrie M. Chapman, President of the Chattanooga NAACP, praised the school board's decision on integration. The Fourth Article, "Segregation Stand by Local Board Respects Law", is an argument for why the board's decision was sound and why citizens should comply with the new policy. The fifth article, "No Integration Study for County's Schools", reports that no study for the integration of Hamilton County Schools has been discussed by the Hamilton County board of education.
July 25, 1955: There are three articles from this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and two from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The Times article, "Pressmen Blast School Decision", reports that the resolutions committee of the Chattanooga Printing Pressmen's Union, local 165, denounced the Chattanooga school board's decision to comply with a Supreme Court decision and integrate Chattanooga Public Schools. The second article, from the Chattanooga News Free Press, also reports the Pressmen's denunciation. The third article is an editorial from the News Free Press and makes a constitutional argument against the ruling of the Supreme Court on integration.
July 26, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga Times, and two articles from the News Free Press on this date. The first Times article, "CLU Endorses School Decision", reports that the Chattanooga Central Labor Union agreed with the school board's decision to integrate public schools in Chattanooga. The second Times article,"Growing in Understanding", is an endorsement of the Supreme Court ruling on integration, and attacks the arguments of those who were against the decision. The first Free Press article, " Integration in Schools Endorsed Here By CLU", reports the endorsement of the school board's decision by the Chattanooga Central Labor Union. The second Free Press article,"On Segregation", is an editorial, and argues against the Supreme Court's ruling on integration.
July 27, 1955: There are four articles from a publication called Labor World for this date. The first, "City Board of Education Will Comply With U.S. Supreme Court Ruling on Integration of Schools; Central Labor Union Supports Proposed Plans", announces the Chattanooga School Board's decision to comply with the court ruling on integration, and reports the CLU's endorsement of the school board's plans. The second article,"The Chattanooga Board of Education Has Taken a Forthright Stand", editorialized and heartily endorses the board of education and its decision to integrate public schools. The third article,"Board Will Counsel With Community Groups and Citizens to Find Solution for Problems", reports the intention of the Chattanooga board of education to not enact any hasty reform of the public schools, and to get as much input from the community as possible so as to ensure that integration was effected with as little friction as possible. The Fourth Article from Labor World is a reprinting of the statement from the Chattanooga Board of Education announcing its intention to comply with the Supreme Court ruling and integrate Chattanooga public schools. There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press, a letter to the editor agreeing with the classification of the school board's decision to integrate as "cowardly" and of the Supreme Court ruling as unconstitutional.
July 28, 1955: There are two articles from this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga Free Press. The Times article,"Tennessee, Chattanooga Race View Hit by Attorney General of Georgia", reports the denunciation of the Governor of Tennessee, Tennessee Senator Kefauver, and the Chattanooga school board, for their failure to fight the Supreme Court decision on integration. Attorney General Eugene Cook said that this failure had lost Tennessee the friendship of his state, Georgia. The Free Press Article, "Cook Attacks Tennesseeans", reports on the same denunciation by the Georgia Attorney General.
July 29, 1955: There are six articles from this date, four from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and two from the Hamilton County Herald. The first Free Press article, "LWV Endorses Schools' Move", reports that the League of Women Voters supported the school board decision to integrate public schools. The second article announced that the Tennessee Federation For Constitutional Government had free legal service available to any citizen who wished to maintain separate school facilities for white and black children. The third Free Press article, "separate But Equal' Doctrine Said Not Against God's Will", is an editorial and argues that being in favor of the separate but equal segregation doctrine is not incompatible with being a good Christian, with the author writing, "I must love the Negro across the sea and here at home, but God did not say to live with or associate with him". The fourth Free Press article, "City Race Rule Spurs East Ridge on School", reports the efforts of the East Ridge government to resist integrating its schools. The article reported that officials didn't believe that segregation was an issue in East Ridge because only two or three black families lived there. The first Hamilton County Herald article,"Loyal Opposition", laments that Tennessee government, and the Chattanooga School Board gave up the fight to keep segregation in public schools. The second Herald article, "Dropped Stitches", is an argument against the Chattanooga school board decision and the Supreme Court Decision.
July 30, 1955: There are two articles from this date, one from the Chattanooga Times and one from the Chattanooga Free Press. The Times article, "Elks Set Forum On School Issue", announces that Armistice Lodge No. 440, colored Elks, announced it will sponsor an open forum discussion on integration of races in the city schools. The Free Press Article,"Interested Party Wants to Know Advantages of Mixing Plan", is a letter requesting that "someone who knows please give me a list of the advantages to be gained for either race by the mixing of races in our public schools."
July 31, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The first,"Plans Pushed By Both Sides On Race Issue", reports on white anti-integration groups across the south preparing resistance strategies to oppose integration of public schools for the upcoming school year. Activities were widespread in Mississippi, Alabama, Texas, and Georgia. The second article, "Integration Plan Endorsed By LWV", reports the endorsement of the plan to integrate Chattanooga schools by the League of Women Voters.
August 1, 1955: There are two letters to the editor from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The first,"On Integration", is an argument against the Supreme Court decision as unjust and illegal, and calls for citizens to fight against it using all legal means at their disposal. The second letter, "Race Mixing", says that integration would be a disadvantage for both races, but there would be political advantages in that politicians would play up the issue to gain black votes in the hopes of winning election.
August 2, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. "Racial Issue" is a letter to the editor appealing to all who don't want integrated schools to stand up for their conviction.
August 3, 1955: There are three articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The first, "Pressmen Blast CLU On Integration Stand", reports that the Chattanooga Printing Pressmen and Assistants Union, local 165, in a special meeting adopted two resolutions critical of recent public endorsement by labor leaders - national and local - of the Supreme Court's decree to end segregation in public schools. The second, a letter to the editor, "Needed: A Leader", laments that Tennessee's leaders have let the people down. A majority oppose integration and the author believes that the people aren't adequately represented. The third, also a letter to the editor, "For Segregation" argues that the majority of southerners want to keep segregation and that the Supreme Court is usurping democracy in the US as an unelected body imposing its will on the resistant populace.
August 4, 1955: There are two articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times and one from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The Times article, "Attack On Race Stand Renewed By Pressmen", reports that union pressmen of the Chattanooga local again attacked verbally all union organizations and leaders who have supported the Supreme Court Decision against racial segregation in public schools. The Free Press article, "For Segregation", argues that segregation of the races should be maintained. The writer argues that God intended the races to be separate, and that if whites and blacks go to school together it will inevitably lead to intermarriage between the races.
August 5, 1955: There are three articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and one from the Hamilton County Herald. The first Free Press article,"Racial Stand", is a letter to the editor and argues for the creation of state's rights councils for the purpose of opposing the integration of schools. The second Free Press article, also a letter to the editor,"10% and 9 Old Men", argues that integration is a "crime imposed on 90% of the people by 10% and 9 old men who think they have become so wise they can change God's plan and laws." The Hamilton County Herald article is an editorial, and denounces the CLU for its endorsement of the Supreme Court's integration decision, while hailing the local Pressmen union for its opposition to that same decision.
August 6, 1955: There is one article for this date from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The article, "Beyond Bounds", is a letter to the editor criticizing a Bishop Claiborne for taking a stand against the decision of the state of Georgia to maintain segregation in its public schools.
August 7, 1955: There is one article for this date from the Chattanooga Times. The article announces that an open forum to discuss the transition to desegregation in public schools would be held this night, sponsored by the Armistice Lodge No. 440, colored Elks.
August 8, 1955: There are four articles for this date, three from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "Printers Attack Integration Plan", reports that members of local 89, Chattanooga Typographical Union, adopted a resolution condemning the Chattanooga school board's policy on integration of public schools. The second Times article, "Racial Mixing Under Attack", reports that the Tennessee Federation for Constitutional Government "will intervene in any attempt by the city of Chattanooga school board to desegregate city schools now or later" a representative for the group said. The third Times article, "Negro Elks' Forum Urges Prompt School Integration", reported that integration of white and colored pupils in the public schools should be started as soon as possible, according to a consensus of some 200 people attending a forum on the subject. The Free Press article, "Mixed School Issue Spurs Action In City", summarizes the reactions of different groups around the city to the integration issue, the Typographical union, the TN Federation for Constitutional Government, and the Elks' club forum.
August 9 1955: There are no articles for this date present in this scrapbook.
August 10, 1955: There are two letters to the editor from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and one article from Labor World for this date. The first Free Press letter, "Racial Issue", argues that the Tennessee state government should stand up to the Supreme Court and not roll over in compliance to its decision. The second letter, "Public Needs Facts", argues that the school board acted cowardly, without need, and illegally in violation of Tennessee state law when it announced its desegregation policy. The third article, from Labor World, "Printers Oppose Integration Plan of School Board", reports that the Chattanooga Typographical Union passed a resolution condemning the actions of the Chattanooga School Board regarding desegregation of public schools. The paper condemns the union for this stance.
August 11, 1955: There are four articles, one from the Chattanooga Times, and two from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The Times Article, "Against Integration", argues for segregation of public schools. The first Free Press Article, "Race Issue", argues for segregation of public schools. The second Free Press article, "School Board Hit", argues that the Chattanooga school board sold the citizens of Chattanooga down the river. The third article reports on local unions coming out against the Chattanooga school board's decision to integrate schools.
August 12, 1955: There are five articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, one from the Hamilton County Herald, and three letters to the editor from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The Times article, "CLU's Resolution Condemned Again", reports on the condemnation by other local unions of the Chattanooga Central Labor Union and their endorsement of school integration. The Hamilton County Herald Article,"Law of the Land" editorializes against the decision to integrate public schools. The first Free Press editorial "For Segregation", is an argument for the maintainence of segregation in public schools. The second Free Press editorial, " Where Is Governor?", argues that the Tennessee Governor should have put up more of a fight against the Supreme Court decision. The third Free Press editorial, "Racial Ruling", argues that the members of the school board should resign and let a new one be selected.
August 13-14: There are no materials for these dates.
August 15, 1955: There are three articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and two from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The Times article," CLU Assailed By UAW Local", reports that the United Auto Workers of America, local 176, passed resolutions condemning the Chattanooga Board of Education, The Central Labor Union, and The Labor World for their support of integration of public schools. The first Free Press Article, "UAW-AFL Hits School Board", reports the same UAW condemnations as the Times article. The second Free Press Article, a letter to the editor, argues against integration and laments that the Tennessee governor has so little backbone.
August 16, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article,"Action Needed", is a letter to the editor and argues against integration of the public schools.
August 17, 1955: There are three articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and one article from Labor World for this date. The first, "CLU Asks Locals Quit Raps on Mixing Stand", reports that the Central Labor Union issued a general appeal to its member locals to refrain from issuing "intemperate" public statements condemning CLU's public endorsement of the city school board's announcement regarding school desegregation. The second Free Press article, "Segregation", is a letter to the editor endorsing the Georgia governor's stand against integration, and wishing that the Tennessee governor would make a similar stand. The third Free Press article, "For Segregation", is a letter to the editor, and it argues against integration of the public schools. The Labor World Article, "To All AFL Locals in Chattanooga and to All CLU Delegates", is a clarification of the CLU's position regarding the school board's policy to desegregate Chattanooga public schools.
August 18, 1955: There are two articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The Free Press article,"The Facts Remain", editorializes on the Central Labor Union and its position on the desegregation issue, and the backlash that this position caused among its local affiliates. The Times article, "Restraint Urged On School Issue", reports on the Central Labor Union, its clarification of its position regarding desegregation, and the backlash that its position caused among its local affiliates.
August 19, 1955: There are four articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, three from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and one from the Hamilton County Herald. The Times article, "Negro Ministers Push Integration", reports that a seminar of ministers from the African Methodist Episcopal Youth Congress recommended a 10 point program to promote integration. The first Free Press article,"Electrical Workers Repudiate CLU Stand, reports that the Electrical Workers Union, local 175, repudiated the stand the CLU took on the school integration issue. The second Free Press article, "Racial Problem", a letter to the editor, opposes suggestions to get rid of the NAACP, and argues against racism. The third Free Press article, "Board's Decision", is a letter to the editor, and argues for integration and attacks a previous letter writer who attacked the character of the members of the Chattanooga school board. The Herald article is an editorial opposing desegregation.
August 20, 1955: There are five articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and three from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "Electricians Hit Integration Move", reports that the Electric Workers Union Local 175 protested the CLU's stand on the integration issue. The Second Times article,"Conservatives and Reactionaries, is a letter to the editor argues for integration and states that segregation is discrimination. The first Free Press article,"Pressmen Rap Appeal By CLU", reports that the Printing Pressmen's Union criticized the CLU for its appeal to member unions not to issue public statements regarding integration. The second Free Press article, "The Price Tag on Integration", argues that blacks will suffer financially and socially if the public schools are integrated. The third Free Press article, "Desegregation", argues that the Supreme Court ruling on school segregation was unconstitutional.
August 21, 1955: There is no material for this date.
August 22, 1955: There are two articles, both from the Chattanooga News Free Press, both letters to the editor. The first letter,"Likes School Board", praises the school board for the stand it took on the desegregation issue. The second letter,"Red Influence?", argues that some of the justices who voted to desegregate schools may have been influenced by socialist texts.
August 23, 1955: There are five articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and three from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "Carpenters Ask Integration Ban", reports that the Carpenters Local Union 74 has urged Governor Frank Clement to call a special session of the legislature to enact laws that will represent both white and colored in reference to integration of schools. The second Times article, "District Baptists Back Integration", reports that the Chattanooga District Association of Negro Baptist Churches adopted a resolution commending the city school board for its stand on integration in schools. The first Free Press Article, "CLU Favors Rescinding Stand For School Board's Mixing Plan", reports that at a meeting the Central Labor Union adopted a recommendation to rescind its unanimous action to support a decision by the school board to end segregation in city schools. The second Free Press article, "Negroes Oppose Integration", is an editorial and praises some black teachers in Oklahoma who oppose integration of their schools. The third Free Press article, "Carpenters' Union Hits School Board Decision", reports that the local carpenters union opposes the school board's decision to integrate city schools.
August 24, 1955: There are two articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times and one from The Labor World. The Times article,"CLU Acts Sept. 12 on Move Against Integration Support", reports that delegates to the Chattanooga Central Labor Union would vote on Sept. 12 on the question whether it will rescind its action of July 22 giving approval to a policy statement of the Chattanooga Board of Education, agreeing that segregation should end in the schools. The Labor World article,"Carpenters Oppose Central Body Stand", reported that the carpenters local 74 adopted a resolution in opposition to the decision of the Chattanooga Board of Education regarding integration of city schools.
August 25, 1955: There is no material for this date.
August 26, 1955: There are two articles from The Chattanooga News Free Press and one article from the Hamilton County Herald for this date. The first Free Press article, "Society to Maintain Segregation Formed", reports that an organization of The Tennessee Society to Maintain Segregation was formed with 5,00 charter members, whose primary objective was to maintain segregation in public schools. The second Free Press article, "Negroes Better Off", is a letter to the editor, and argues that Negroes are better off in the segregated south than the desegregated north, and that blacks would lose more than they would gain by desegregation. The Herald article, "CLU Is Nervous", editorializes about the CLU, its stand agreeing with school board decision to integrate, and it member unions resistance to that stand.
August 27, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times, and one article from The Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The Times article, "Segregation Unit Hits Board Stand", reports that the Tennessee Society to Maintain Segregation launched an all out attack against what it called the city school board's traitorous decision to integrate Chattanooga schools. The Free press Article, "Ironworkers State Policy", reports that the ironworkers union, local 704, gave undisclosed instructions to delegates which will represent the union in an election held Sept. 12 by the Central Labor Union to decide whether to rescind a previously announced stand supporting desegregation in city schools.
August 28, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article, "Electrical Union Asks Segregation", reports that local no. 311, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, has joined other unions here which have adopted resolutions opposing the city school board's policy regarding integration in city schools.
August 29, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The first, "CLU Action Hit By IBEW Union", reports that the local electrical workers union passed a resolution condemning the CLU's endorsement of the city school board's decision to integrate city schools. The second article, "Smith Rapped", is a letter to the editor, written by a member of the Central Labor Union, expressing his disagreement with the unions leader and his support of "social integration".
August 30, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article, "Unexpected Stand", a letter to the editor, expresses condemnation of segregation and makes a case that discrimination and segregation is immoral, and unconstitutional.
August 31, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The first article, "A Georgia Negro's Suggestion", an editorial, details the suggestions of a black attorney from Georgia, a former official of the NAACP, who because of his disagreement with desegregation, resigned from that institution. The lawyer was praised by the attorney general of Georgia for his views. The second article, "Racial Issue", is a letter to the editor, and argues that the segregated system of the south produces an adequate number of black college graduates,"more than the number produced by all of the British Kingdom." This being the case, according to this author, there is no problem with the status quo segregated system of schooling in the south. The third letter,"Praises Unions", is a letter to the editor in which the author praises the "revolt" of several member unions against the CLU and its stand in favor of desegregation of Chattanooga schools.
September 1, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article, "Racial Debate", argues that the school boards integration decision goes against God's law, that some members of the Supreme Court are connected with Communists, and that desegregation is tantamount to "Hitlerism".
September 2, 1955: There are three articles from this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "Integration Problems Cited in Washington" reports on the progress of integration of the public schools in Washington D.C. The second Times article, "Segregation-- A Reply", responds sarcastically to an earlier letter to the editor that favored desegregation and made an argument that it was morally wrong and unconstitutional. This letter writer disagrees vehemently and maintains that segregation is constitutional and not morally wrong. The Free Press article,"School Board Hit", is a letter to the editor that questions whether the school board represents the will of the people of Chattanooga, who don't want integration, and believes that their decision violates existing state law.
September 3, 1955: There is no material for this date.
September 4, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article, "Methodists Back No-Bias Decision", reports that the Tennessee Conference of the Methodist Church endorsed the Supreme Court decision to end segregation in public schools.
September 5, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article,"On Segregation", is a letter to the editor, and argues that whites and blacks already intermingle, so having blacks and whites in the same school wouldn't change too much. A tortured argument that school integration isn't a very big deal.
September 6, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 7, 1955: There are five articles from this date, four from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and one from The Labor World. The first Free Press article, "Freedom of Choice", is a letter to the editor and argues that "the devil's work" is behind the integration decision. The second Free Press article, "Some Schools Mixed On U.S. Bases In Dixie", reports that some of the schools on US military bases in the South have already been desegregated. The third Free Press article, "Commissioner Urges Others To Speak Out", reports that Harry Allen, commissioner of health and education and chairman of the city school board, issued a statement favoring continued segregation in city schools, reversing his original stand from July 22. The fourth Free Press article, "Letter Rapped", arguing for the continuation of segregation in the schools and in all other aspects of society. The Labor World article, "CLU Delegates to Vote On Motion to Rescind Previous School Stand", reports that a September 12 vote will take place on whether or not to rescind the CLU's statement of support it issued for the city school board and their decision to integrate Chattanooga schools.
September 8, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 9, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 10, 1955: There are four articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and two from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "Allen Alters His Position On Race Issue", reports that commissioner Harry Allen of the Chattanooga city school board had altered his position on integration of the schools, from support of integration, to opposition. The second Times article, "Right The First Time", is an editorial and argues that Harry Allen was right with his original decision to support integration. The first Free Press article, "Commissioner Allen Is Right", is an editorial praising Harry Allen's change of position on the integration question from support to opposition. The second Free Press article, "Allen Stand Given Praise", reports the praise given Commissioner Allen by the Tennessee Federation for Constitutional Government, an anti-integration group.
September 11, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article,"Political Trap Play", reports that there is an undercover movement started in Chattanooga to oust the city school board and Superintendent Lawrence Derthick as a result of the board's statement relative to segregation.
September 12, 1955: There are five articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and three from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "Says Mr. Allen Disqualifies Self", is a letter to the editor and contends that Henry Allen should have stuck to his original pro-integration position. The second Times article, "School Decision Misunderstood", reports that a Nashville attorney told a conference of Kentucky school officials that the scope of the Supreme Court decisions on segregation is widely misunderstood. The first Free Press article, "CLU to Vote Tonight On Segregation Stand", reports that members of the Central Labor Union would vote on whether to endorse or oppose the city school boards policy of integrating city schools. The second Free Press article, "Allen Hailed, Derthick Hit", reports that the Tennessee Society to Maintain Segregation issued a formal statement commending Education commissioner Harry Allen and criticizing City Schools Superintendent L.G. Derthick. The third Free Press article, "Problem of Segregation Must Be Faced By Every Institution, Dean Robb Says", reports on a talk given by Dr. Felix Robb, dean of instruction at Peabody College, Nashville, to the faculty of the University of Chattanooga.
September 13, 1955: There are four articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and two from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article, "CLU Rescinds Its Support Of Integration; Is Neutral", reports that the Central Labor Union voted to rescind its support of integration of city schools, and took a neutral stand on the issue. The second Times article, "Segregationists Like Allen Shift", reports on the praise given Harry Allen by the Tennessee Society to Maintain Segregation, and the condemnation by that organization of Chattanooga schools superintendent Lawrence Derthick. The first Free Press article, "CLU Rescinds Okay Of School Integration", reports on the vote of the CLU to rescind its support of integration and officially remain neutral on the issue. The second Free Press article, "Labor Bossism Rebuked", is an editorial and praises the members of the CLU for their vote to rescind that union's support of integration, calling the vote a rebuke of labor bossism.
September 14, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 15, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The first, "CLU Taken to Task", is a letter to the editor that praises the vote of the CLU to rescind its support for integration. The second, "Racial Issue", is a letter to the editor expressing outrage at the prospect of integration of city schools.
September 16, 1955: There are four articles from this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, one from the Chattanooga News Free Press, and two from the Hamilton County Herald. The Times article, "Harry Allen Praised", is a letter to the editor praising the change of stance by commissioner Harry Allen regarding the integration question. The Free Press article, "Derthick Criticized", is a letter to the editor in which the author praises the TN Society to Maintain Segregation and agrees with its criticism of schools superintendent Derthick. The first Hamilton County Herald article,"Is It, Or Not?", is an editorial posing the question of whether the CLU's new neutral stand is better than its original support of integration. The second Herald article,"Dropped Stitches", is a pro-segregation editorial rant.
September 17, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 18, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 19, 1955: There are two letters to the editor for this date from the Chattanooga News Free Press, both praising Harry Allen's new stance opposing integration.
September 20, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article,"They Told Court, 'Go Sit on Tack'", is an editorial and argues against the Supreme Court's decisions on segregation.
September 21, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 22, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 23, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 24, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The first article, "Trainmen Dislike Board's Race Act", reports that a local trainmen's union adopted a resolution condemning the decision of the Chattanooga school board endorsing integration of city schools. The second article, "The Race Problem", is a letter to the editor which argues that racism and segregation is the biggest problem facing America, and that moral citizens must work to end both.
September 25, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 26, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article, "Says Allen Wise", is a letter to the editor praising the new pro-segregation stance of commissioner Harry Allen.
September 27, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 28, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 29, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
September 30, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article, "Segregation Unit Looks To Schools", reports that the TN Society to Maintain Segregation announced establishment of a citizens' committee for schools, which will be empowered to "see that only qualified persons are appointed and elected to the city school board."
October 1-9, 1955: There are no materials for these dates.
October 10, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The first article, "Human Topics Group's Field", reports that the Tennessee Council on Human Relations announced plans to set up a local workshop and discussion groups and to bring to Chattanooga an outstanding speaker and human relations expert. The second article, "NAACP Asks Help Of Congressmen", reports that the NAACP will seek a three point pledge from senators and representatives in the field of racial legislation.
October 11, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
October 12, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
October 13, 1955: There are two articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga News Free Press. Both articles report that the Chattanooga city school board reaffirmed its decision to integrate city schools, and that the board plans on holding hearings on the subject soon.
October 14, 1955: There is one article from the Hamilton County Herald for this date. The article, "More Of The Same", editorializes negatively about the reaffirmation by the school board of their decision to integrate city schools.
October 15, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article, "Group Blasts School Board", reports the denunciation of the school board by a Tennessee based pro segregation group.
October 16, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article,"Segregationists Hit School Board", reports the denunciation of the city school board by pro segregationists.
October 17, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article,"Integration 'Demand' Light", is an editorial that reports on problems associated with the integration of the public school system of Baltimore.
October 18, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
October 19, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. Both of the articles are letters to the editor and both writers express their opposition to integration of city schools.
October 20, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
October 21, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
October 22, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article is a letter to the editor in which the writer expresses their opinion that the Supreme Court's decisions on segregation are not legal or valid.
October 23, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article, "Teachers Puzzle For Integration", reports that Negro teachers will lose some jobs when public schools integration becomes an actuality, but that this possibility has aroused no great fear among a poll of more than 75,000 Negro teachers according to the Associated Press.
October 24, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. Both articles are letters to the editor, and both express opposition to desegregation.
October 25, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
October 26, 1955: There are two articles from this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The Times article, "Integration Foes Defeated by AFL", reports that the Tennessee Federation of Labor roundly defeated resolutions opposing racial integration in the public schools. The Free Press Article, "Labor Bosses for Desegregation", is an editorial arguing that big labor supports integration and is trying to force that position on its members, a majority of who do not want integration.
October 27-31, 1955: There are no materials for these dates.
November 1, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date, an editorial opposing integration of public schools.
November 2, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 3, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 4, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date, an editorial opposing desegregation of any kind.
November 5, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date, an editorial opposing integration of the public schools.
November 6, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 7, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 8, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date, an editorial opposing integration.
November 9, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 10, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 11, 1955: There are three articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Hamilton County Herald. The first Times article, "Whitt In Chair For Hearings", reports that Raymond Whitt Jr. will preside at the city school board's hearing on the directive of the Supreme Court to end racial discrimination in the public schools. The second Times article, an editorial, praises the school board for going about its integration policy in a measured, wise way. The Hamilton County Herald article, "Chattanooga Invaded", blasts the conference to be held in Chattanooga by the Tennessee Council on Human Relations on the integration issue.
November 12, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.The Free Press Article, "Designation of Mixing Group Chairman Hit", reports that a pro segregation group criticized the city school board for refusing to permit Harry Allen from presiding at scheduled public hearings on how to integrate Negro and white pupils in Chattanooga city schools.
November 13, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article, "Political Tinder Box", reports that the city school board will soon begin hearings on the integration question.
November 14, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date, both editorials, both expressing their opposition to desegregation.
November 15, 1955: There are five articles for this date, two from the Chattanooga Times, and three from the Chattanooga News Free Press. The first Times article reports that a school race unit would meet. The second Times article reports that the panel assembled by the school board to debate integration issues has mixed views. The first Free Press article reports that a retired principal declined a post on the board to study integration of schools. The second Free Press article reports on a black organization that opposes integration and their plans to form a new chapter in Chattanooga. The third Free Press article reports that the method of integration is the only issue of dispute in terms of how to integrate public schools.
November 16, 1955: There are two articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and one from the Chattanooga Free Press. Both articles report that a tube of tear gas was dropped and broken at a tense public meeting of the city school board and its newly appointed interracial advisory committee was adjourned.
November 17, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date. The article,"Member Quits School Group", reports that Arnold Chambers, executive vice president of the Chattanooga Savings and Loan Association, resigned from the school board's interracial advisory committee.
November 18, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 19, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 20, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 21, 1955: There is on article from the Chattanooga News Free Press, an editorial agreeing with the constitutionality of the Supreme Court's decisions.
November 22, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 23, 1955: There are two editorials from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date, one opposing integration, and one supporting integration.
November 24, 1955: There is on article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date. The article is about the first time integration was tried in Chattanooga.
November 25, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
November 26, 1955: There is an editorial from the Chattanooga Times for this date, and two other articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date as well.
November 27, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga Times for this date.
November 28, 1955: There is on article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
November 29, 1955: There are three articles for this date, one from the Chattanooga Times, and two from the Chattanooga News Free Press.
November 30, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
December 1, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 2-4, 1955: There are no materials for these dates.
December 5, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 6, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 7, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 8, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date.
December 9, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 10, 1955: There is on article from the Chattanooga News Free Press from this date.
December 11-12, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
December 13, 1955: There are three articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 14, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
December 15, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 16, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date.
December 17-19, 1955 There are no materials for this date.
December 20, 1955: There are two articles from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 21, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 22-25, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
December 26, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press for this date.
December 27-28, 1955: There are no materials for this date.
December 29, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga Times for this date.
December 30, 1955: There is one article from the Chattanooga News Free Press from this date.
Date 1955
Dates of Creation June 1955 - December 1955
Extent of Description 15.50" x 13.25" x 1.50"
Lexicon category 8: Communication Artifact
Lexicon sub-category Documentary Artifact
Accession number 1998.080