Archive Record

Object Name Scrapbook
Catalog Number 1998.080.373
Collection Hamilton County Department of Education Collection
Description Maroon and gold scrapbook. Contains newspaper articles about Chattanooga public schools and focus on school desegregation. The articles are from the Chattanooga News Free Press and the Chattanooga TImes. Dates of articles are February 23 through April 12, 1960. Dates of the articles are written on the backing pages next to the articles. Scrapbook held together by cord. Articles are glued onto pages.

February 23, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Negroes Seek Admission to City White Schools Now" Article with photograph: "About 200 Negroes in Sitdowns at Four Stores" Two Letters to the Editor: "Is It Time?" by "I. M. Wondering"; "Race Relations" by Paul Walker.
February 23, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article with photographs: "Mixing Lawsuit Expected Here" Article: "200 Negro Students Sit Down at 4 Stores". Editorial: "Solution: Decency and Free Choice". Two photographs of African American students sitting down at lunch counter.
February 24, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Board to Receive Written Demand". Three photographs of whites gathered outside Kress' store. Article with photographs: "Racial Fight Breaks Out in Market Street Store; Negro, 11 Whites Arrested". Article: "All Police Called to Duty, Patrols Being Stepped Up." Letter to the Editor: "Violence Deplored" by Rev. M. J. Jones. Editorial: "Violence Downtown". Two photographs of police working the crowds. Article: "State Law Prohibits Integrated Service."
February 24, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Three photographs of lunch counter incident. Article with photographs: "School Head Acts to Stop Riots." Article: "Mixed School Demand Seen." Photograph of events during sit in. Article with photographs: "Scenes of Chattanooga 'Sitdown' Racial Outbreak After School". Three Editorials: "Avoid Further Trouble"; "Goal for Human Relations"; "Freedom of Choice- For NAACP". Political cartoon. Photograph of white boys in lunch counter melee.
February 25, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Times. Commentary: "'God Help Us," a Woman Cried At Spectacle on Alien Street. Four photographs of disturbance in the streets. Article: "Mayor Calls on Citizens to Limit Trips Downtown". Article: "White Boy Fined, Negro Is Bound". Article: "Mob Action Delays Sending of Demand". Photograph of man being arrested. Article with photographs: "Hoses Help Curb Milling Crowd, Negroes Turned Off Market; Cool Heads Prevent Big Blowup." Article: "Firemen Switch to Policy Duty." Editorial: "Challenge to a City"
Source: Chattanooga Daily Times, News-Free Press. "Scenes of Racial Rioting as Mobs Shifted Over Downtown Area." Photographs of the downtown protests and police response. Editorial: "Negroes Misled" by M. A. H. Article: "Officials Forced to Use Hoses In City's Worst Racial Upheaval." Article: "CofC Urges More Control By Parents." Article: "Schools Warn 'Drastic Action', Expulsions Await Those Joining Mobs." Article: "Event Well Covered By News Gatherers." Editorial: "Time for Strict Preventive Steps." Article: "NAACP Asks School Mix Bid Despite Riot." Two photographs of a calm downtown.
February 26, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Peace Returns to City; Students Off Streets; School Men Are Lauded." Article: "Ministers Meet, Call for Peace." Article: "Few Bystanders; Police On Guard." Article: "Disciplinary Action' for 6 at Notre Dame." Editorial: "Rapid Improvement" Article: "Pastor Asks End to Hostile Acts." Commentary: "Clock Strikes 5 and Loudspeaker Sounds Benediction to Good Day." Article: "Chamber Pleads for Law, Order." Article: "Mayor, Letson Are 'Grateful'." Three Letters to the Editor: "A Moral Issue" by Harriet Hunt Hujer. "Appeals for Peace" by "An Interested Citizen." "Time to Grow" by Chalmers F. Frazer. "The Police Were Ready, and Downtown Chattanooga Was Quiet." Six photographs of police interacting with groups downtown. Article: "Pastors' President Urges Violence End." Article: "Petersen Pleads Ignore Flood of Racial Rumors"
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Police to Continue Downtown Area Patrol; Mayor Praises Citizens as Tension Eases." Article: "Knife, Club Carrier Fined." Editorial: "Decency in Control Once More." Article: "Officials Voice Gratitude for Day Without Incident." Eleven Letters to the Editor: "Blames Red" by "A Worried Senior." "Disturbance Hit" by M. C. Clemons. "On Sitdown" by Frederick Larkin. "Outrageous" by "A True White." "Stores and Police" by M. A. R. "Discrimination" by William D. Shirley. "Living Amicably" by Mary S. Patten. "Cause of It All" by "Morris." "Answers Pastor" by Myrtle Adair. "Race Relations" by R. E. Himes. "Time Not Ripe" by "A Reader."
February 27, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Downtown Quiet; Bolstered Police to Maintain Vigil." Four Letters to the Editor: "Future Citizen Speaks" by "Anxious Future Citizen." "Council Suggested" by Stanley K. Showalter. "Issue Still to Be Solved" by Ralph Shumacker. "Incitement to Riot" by "A High School Student." Article: "Violence Scored in Civitan Action."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Atlanta Leader Here to Aid NAACP Suit." Article: "Notre Dame Expels 13 for Going Downtown." Article: "Police Seize 5 Negroes in Trouble Zone." Political Cartoon. Eight Letters to the Editor: "For Unity" by "A Southerner." "Likes Editorials" by Lawrence Higdon Sr. "Lauds Editorial" by Michael Loftin. "Discrimination" by William Bradford. "Red Judges" by "A Reader." "American Way" by "A Junior of Girls Preparatory School." "Freedom of Choice" by James B. Crowell. "Prerequisite" by Thomas L. Avery.
February 28, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Sunday Times. Article: "18 Booked Here; Downtown Quiet." Article: "Optimist Club Lauds City Police, Firemen." Article: "Non-Violence Theme For Negroes' Talks." Commentary: "Much-Maligned Police Won Respect, Found Cohesion." Six Letters to the Editor: "Thought and Discussion" by Neil M'Dade. "A Weekend Thought" by J. E. D. "Praises Statement" by Bea Caldwell. "Appeal for Understanding" by H. J. Chunn. "Whose Impatience?" by Rev. William A. Dennis. "Precious Possessions" by "Two Students of the University of Chattanooga.
February 29, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "'Sit-In' Purpose Told to Negroes." Article: "Police Continue Downtown Alert." Letter to the Editor: "Patience, Care, Understanding Urged" by J. C. Article: "Race Gain Cited in Chattanooga."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Local Police Easing Vigil." Article: "NAACP Leaer, Theology Student Says: Negro 'Sit-Ins' Not Planned, Gave Races Look at Selves." Four Letters to the Editor: "Marriage Ban" by Rev. T. D. Lewis. Untitled partial letter by "A Subscriber." "Hits NAACP" by "A Rebel." "Saddened" by Herbert P. Moore. Editorial: "There Are Simple, Moral Answers." Five Letters to the Editor: "Sees Crisis" by Paul B. Stahr. "Think" by "A Thinking Man." "Stand Praised" by J. B. Crowell. "Earn Recognition" by "A Servant of Man." "Paper Thanked" by Virginia Robbins.
March 1, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Downtown Quiet With No Arrests." Four Letters to the Editor: "What Is Right?" by Geraldine W. Ferguson. "Let's Turn Clock Back" by J. S. Alley. "Unrest in Chicago" by Ansley Thomas. "Racial Situation" by "A Friend of Colored People."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Police Back on Schedule." Article: "Law, Order' Kiwanis Aim." Two Letters to the Editor "Pride, Quality" by "A Daily Reader." Untitled partial letter by Jacob Frazier. Commentary: "Soviet Conspiracy on Race Issues. Communists Look on Negro 'Struggle' as 'Revolution."
March 2, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "9 Youths Seized in Mob Punished." Article: "Police, Firemen Praised by City." Letter to the Editor: "Guidance Asked" by Mrs. Goldie Walton.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "The Time Will Come...". Six Letters to the Editor: "Equal Rights" by O. B. "Advice to Negroes" by D. C. Untitled partial letter by Orman L. Headley. "Voice of Most High" by F. B. S. "Comment on King" by unknown author (letter was cut short). "Solution" by "Sam." Article: "Youth's Peace Bond at $250."
March 3, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Three Letters to the Editor: "Dunlap, Brown, Police Praised" by S. H. M. "Against Demonstrations" by Elder B. Cooper. "Commends Students" by Mrs. Otto Reimherr.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "A Negro Editorial View." Political Cartoon. Article: "Russell Cites Chattanooga 'Sit-Down' in Senate Talks." Three Letters to the Editor: "Yankee Boost" by James Panagos. "What About Law?" by "A Citizen." "Support Urged" by Mrs. F. M'Kenzie. Editorial: "What Other Editors Say: Chattanooga Crisis."
March 4, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Five Letters to the Editor: "Only the Beginning" by "A Senior at Howard High School." "Police Criticized" by "Disgusted Citizen." "On Privileges" by J. K. "One-Sided Action" by C. E. M. "Not Equal" by "A Reader." Article: "Judge Tries Negro Youth."
March 5, 1960. Eight Letters to the Editor: "Stop and Think" by Mrs. Lillie Smith. "Says Hate Taught" by William Strider. "Good Works" by John West. "Letter to Nixon" by Rev. Robert Richard. "Fire Engines" by "An Unsung and Unprotected Hero." "No Move to Mix" by "Reader." "For Integration" by "In God We Trust American Citizen." "Racial Troubles" by H. Quarles. Article: "Barker Hears 9 More Cases."
Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "9 White Youth Heard by Barker."
March 6, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Two Letters to the Editor: "Search the Hearts" by Mrs. Marie Ruffin Acklin. "Obstacles Cited" by Thomas L. Scott. Commentary: "Deep Conflict Now Apparent."
March 7, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Three Letters to the Editor: "Time to Act" by C. E. M. "NAACP Scored" by "A Man from the State of Georgia." "On Equality" by "One Who Loves."
March 8, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Negroes' Demand for Integration Is Denied By City." Letter to the Editor: "Race Cooperation" by Robert Thompson. Editorial: "For Chattanooga's Children."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "NAACP Probes Rejection of Mix Demand." Three Letters to the Editor: "Negro- Proud of It" by "A Full-Blood Negro." "Seizing of Property" by T. L. Mitchell. "Racial Problem" by Joe K. Dickworth.
March 9, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Two Editorials: "When Men Took Over" "Toward Understanding." Two Letters to the Editor: "Bus Situation Cited" by H. J. Chunn. "Equality of Right" by Norman Thomas.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "Crime of Depravity." Five Letters to the Editor: "Freedom of Choice" by A. Shirley. "Profit and Loss" by "A Housewife." "Negro Civilization" by Orman T. Headley. "Take Stock" by G. H. Harris, Sr. "Outside Agitation" by H. L.
March 10, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Three Letters to the Editor: "Just Like Kasper" by "A Reader." "Freedom and People" by Mrs. Lauretta F. Lewis. "Principles of Law" William D. Shirley.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Three Letters to the Editor: "Human Relations" by Roteen Cowan. "Mixing Opposed" by "A Reader." "What Next?" by J. E. G.
March 11, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Editorial: "This Is Enforcement?" Letter to the Editor: "Segregation Scored" by Harold Dudley.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Negroes Toss Sticks at Car." Three Letters to the Editor: "Racial Issue" by Mrs. L. C. "Bayonets for Lunch" by Tom White. "Source Book" by "A Chattanooga High School Senior."
March 12, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Two Letters to the Editor: "Social Equity" by R. E. Barclay. "Negro Maid Writes" by "A Negro Maid."
March 13, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Letter to the Editor: "What Would You Do?" by Bettye Williams.
March 14, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Three Letters to the Editor: "Advice to Race" by "A Rebel." "Negro Defended" by Edmond Leroy Clowers. "So-Called Slavery" by "Puzzled."
Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Two Letters to the Editor: "Time for a Solution" by "A Concerned Citizen." "Swallowing the Camel" by "Moonlight and Magnolias."
March 15, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Stores to Adhere to Area Policies." Editorial: "When Alabama Acted."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Four Letters to the Editor: "Negro's View" by Miss Betty Williams. "Work for Gains" by "Work Advocator." "Basic Principles" by P. W. Stonestreet. "Ask Too Much" by "Love to All A Christian."
March 16, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Two Letters to the Editor: "A Prayer for Mankind" by Mrs. Pat Hartline. "In An Emergency" by M. L. M.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Jury Clears Negro Youth." Two Letters to the Editor: "Blames Oldsters" by "A Teen-Ager Too Young to Vote." "Hits 'Sit-Ins'" by "A Retired Southern White Postal Employee."
March 17, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Two Letters to the Editor: "Logic from Valley Head" by C. L. K. "To View With Alarm" by "Reader."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Two Letters to the Editor: "'Colored' Race" by "A Negro." "Negro Maids" by "For Complete Segregation."
March 18, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Three Letters to the Editor: "A Viewpoint on Race" by "A True Southerner." "Praises Barclay" by Jimmy L. Massengale. "Roger's Remarks" by Paul B. Stahr.
March 20, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Negroes, City Meet in Private Session."
March 18, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Four Letters to the Editor: "Appeal to Logic" by Gary E. M'Cardell. "Brotherhood" by "Reader." "Other Side of Coin" by E. H. "The Way Up" by S. S. F. & R. F. C. Political cartoon.
March 19, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Negro Group Meets with Commission." Two Letters to the Editor: "Against Integration" by "Old Soldier." "Kasper, King" by T. T. Toney
March 20, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Letter to the Editor: "To 'A True Southerner'" by "A True Negro."
March 21, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Two Letters to the Editor: "Work for Gains" by John. "Postal Service" by "A Downtown Negro Porter."
Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Three Letters to the Editor: "Loathsome Illusions" by Mrs. Lauretta F. Lewis. "A Question of Dignity" by G. H. S. "Plea for Non Violence" by Lt. Kenneth S. Burns.
March 23, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Negro Help Seen in TV Schooling." Article: "Racial Incidents Step Up in Tempo Over the Nation." Political Cartoon.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Three Letters to the Editor: "Sees Big Mess" by Orman T. Headley. "What About Law?" by "A Citizen." "Rabble-Rousers" by "A. H. Morgan." Political cartoon.
March 24, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Editorial: "Storm in South Africa."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Two Letters to the Editor: "Praises Sit-Downs" by Rev. William A. Dennis. "Accept Negro" by Connie Floyd. Editorial: "More Are Seeing the Danger."
March 25, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Truman Says Quotation Correct; He Said, "Negro Should Behave."" Article: "2nd District Junior High Principal to Attend White House Conference."
March 26, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article with photograph: "Ellington Says New Sit-Ins Instigated, Planned by CBS." Letter to the Editor: "Non-Controlled Voters" by H. J. Chunn.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Two Letters to the Editor: "Disgusted, Sick" by Frank E. Liggett. "State Department" by "Old Zeb the Reb." Full page political advertisement for the election of Raulston Schoolfield for Hamilton County judge.
March 27, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Article: "Ellington Vows Complete Probe of CBS in Sit-Ins." Editorial: "Turmoil and Responsibility." Article: "Negroes Made Point and Left." Two Letters to the Editor: "Another Viewpoint" by "True Southern Christian." "Harmony Is Needed" by Mrs. Irene Dons.
March 29, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Letter to the Editor: "Lunch Counters" by "A Fair-Minded Person."
March 30, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Daily Times. Three Letters to the Editor: "Quoting Jefferson" by W. S. Keese, Sr. "Fright Expressed" by "Chattanoogan in Europe." "Deplores Sit-Downs" by "A Church Layman." Article with photograph: "Self-Evaluation Program of City School System Chosen Among 30 Outstanding by Administrators."
March 31, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Times. Article: "3 Sticks of Dynamite Found on Vine Street." Article: "Ohio Man Praises School Program." Letter to the Editor: "'Foolishness' Deplored" by Mrs. Willie Mae Wilder.
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "The Law Fairly Applied." Four Letters to the Editor: "Postal Service" by "A Downtown Negro Porter." "Work for Gains" by John. "Education Aid" by Mrs. Christian. "Truman Remarks" by "The Worm Turns."
April 1, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "Time to Make Solid Plans." Letter to the Editor: "Keep Your Word" by H. J. Chunn.
April 2, 1960. Letter to the Editor: "County Judge Race" by B. N. T. Editorial:" Court Rulings on 'Rights'."
April 4, 1960. Three Letters to the Editor: "Race Problem" by H. E. Welch. "Against Turmoil" by "Old Soldier."
April 7, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Times. Article: "Negroes Ask Integration Within City." Article: "Board Expected Federal Appeal."
April 8, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "Sit-In Blamed on CBS Crew."
April 7, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "To Avoid Integration: What to Do." Article: "School Board Meets to Face Integration Suit Next Week."
April 8, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Times. Article: "Ellington Claims Evidence CBS Triggered Sit-Downs." Editorial: "Suit in Federal Court."
Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Editorial: "Time for Our Officials to Lead." Article: "Integration Suit Papers Being Served on Supt. Letson, Others." Letter to the Editor: "Goldwater Praised" by Grace Lee Kenyon.
April 9, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Times. Article: "Letson, Petersen Are Served Writs."
April 11, 1960. Source: Chattanooga News-Free Press. Article: "City School Integration Suit's Hearing Unlikely Until Late '61." Editorial: "10 Million Pupils Proved It Worked."
April 12, 1960. Source: Chattanooga Times. Article: "Integration Writ Given 5 on Board." Two Letters to the Editor: "'Law of the Land'" by J. H. M'Call. Incomplete letter by R. Carter Pittman.
Date 1960
Dates of Creation February 23, 1960 - April 12, 1960
Extent of Description 15.50" x 13.25" x 1.50"
Lexicon category 8: Communication Artifact
Lexicon sub-category Documentary Artifact
Accession number 1998.080