Photo Record

Object Name Print, Photographic
Catalog Number 2014.001.087
Description Reproduction of four 4" x 5" negatives on one print. These show the industrial complex on the south end of the city, and show examples of the extreme pollution from these industries. The images are numbered 1-4 and go from left to write, top to bottom.

1) Top left: This image shows South Broad Street and Chattanooga Creek. The Southern Saddlery building is the triangle shaped building. Scholze Tannery's building is in front of the Chattanooga Creek. The railroad tracks are seen at the bottom of the image. A closer look shows a pink or whitish colored streak of liquid coming from Scholze Tannery and flowing directly into the Chattanooga Creek. This matches a quote from the newspaper: “A brown liquid gushes out of a drain into Chattanooga Creek. What your eye cannot see, but tests reveal, is that the liquid contains flesh and hair particles of animals, mixed with a good dose of tannic acid, lime, and other pollutants. As it mixes with the black creek water it seems to turn pinkish and breaks into a foam-like substance as it begins its trip to the river. One look and your stomach begins to churn. The creek banks are laden with refuse, waiting for rain that will wash it into the stream.” Source: Buck Johnson, Chattanooga Times, 1970. The lower right side also shows an area of what appears to be waste and severely polluted soil, which is situated directly next to the creek. See Map 1 image to compare to what the area looks like today [2014].
2) Top right: This photo is from south end of downtown looking north; Market Street / Alton Park Boulevard is on the left side of the image, and crosses Chattanooga Creek. (See Map 2 attached in images). Beyond that, Mary Walker Towers, Howard High School, and the Interstate are visible. In the middle of the photograph is Crane Enamelware Company's Chattanooga plant, and it appears that the company contributed to the air pollution problem in Chattanooga. Crane was a foundry that evolved into making enamelware on many household fixtures and items, and even acquired Cahill Iron Works. [See Search Terms for additional information.] The water tower on that property is still in existence and the site is the current [as of 2014] site of Fedex Ground Distribution (3021 Alton Park Boulevard). (See Map 3). The water tower used to have "Crane" painted on it; it now has "Narpark" painted on it. (See Map 4). West 33rd Street is visible closer to the foreground crossing Market Street / Alton Park Boulevard. There was a little neighborhood of housing north of Crane that is no longer there. It ran along Alton Park Boulevard before it merges with Market Street. (See Map 5). The tracks of the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railroad ran directly along the front of Crane's property.
3) Bottom left: Similar to image (1) on the top left, but from the north looking south (approximately). It shows South Broad Street, Chattanooga Creek, and South Downtown (south Broad Street) in general. The Southern Saddlery building is the triangle shaped building. Scholze Tannery's building is in front of the Chattanooga Creek. The railroad tracks are seen at the bottom of the image. A closer look shows a pink or whitish colored streak of liquid coming from Scholze Tannery and flowing directly into the Chattanooga Creek. See description above for additional information.
4) Bottom right: This images shows the industrial complex with U.S. Pipe and Combustion Engineering - and the gross air pollution output - in front of Moccasin Bend and the Interstate that curves around the river. On the right, Chattanooga Creek is visible. See Map 6 for comparison.
Date 1970 circa
Print size 10.00" x 8.00"
Accession number 2014.001